Surkhandarya in the Stone Age


(100-30 mln B.C.) Sub continental climate and environment of Surkhandarya Province was conducive to appearing man’s sites here from the ancient times. Caves and gorges in Baysuntau and Kugitantau mountains included to Southern Hissar mountain ranges served as dwellings for primitive people. The most ancient settlement of Neanderthal man on the territory of the region [...]

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Surkhan Oasis in the Bronze Age


(The beginning of the III-I mln B.C.) The Bronze Age which includes III-I mln B.C. is a period of radical changes in Central Asia. First of all, it is related with the invention of Bronze implements consisting tin, copper and lead solution. Owing to the invention of bronze, labor and hunting implements perfected, the invention [...]

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Culture of Ancient Bactria


(The beginning of the I mln B.C.-IV c B.C.) The first half of the I mil. B.C. is considered as a period of great changes in financial, political and cultural life of Bactrian land, that joined the territories Surkhan oasis, Southern Tajikistan and Northern Afghanistan. This process was directly related with the invention of making [...]

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Culture of Bactria during the Hellenistic and Alexander Macedonian’s epochs


A military campaign of Greek-Macedonian troops headed by Alexander Macedonian in order to capture the lands between the Oxus and Yaksart started in 329. Despite of strong resistance of sogdians, bactrians and saks this military battle ended with the invasion of greek-macedonians of a big territory between the Oxus and Yaksart in 327. From this [...]

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Culture of the Ancient Bactria during the Kushan period


(I c B.C. – III c A.D.)   The 5th hall of the museum is called “Culture of Northern Bactria in the Kushan Epoch”. The Kushan culture of Surkhandarya region is represented with outstanding monuments of world significance as Khalchayan, Buddhist monasteries Karatepa and Fayaztepa in Termez, Airtam, Dalvarzintepa and Kampirtepa. In the portal of [...]

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Culture of Northern Tokharistan in the Early middle Ages


The 6th hall of the museum is called “Culture of Tokharistan in the Early middle Ages” and dates back to the IV-VIII cc A.D. In the early Middle Ages Surkhandarya region was submitted into the vast historical cultural region as Tokharistan, the name of Tohar people.  This name had primarily been mentioned in 383 A.D… [...]

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Northern Tokharistan in the Middle Ages.


The beginning of the IX c was marked as a revival of local statehood fulfilled by Tokharids and later Samanids. Termez was ruled by the members of Abu Ravudid dynasty and Chaghanian by Mukhtajids. As rulers Abu Bakr Mukhtajid and especially Abu Ali Chaghani played significant role in the administrative system of Samanids’ state. From [...]

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Culture of Termez and Chaghanian in the Epoch of Amir Temur and Temurids


The name of a great statesman and general Amir Temur is indissolubly connected with the history of Termez and other cities of Surkhandarya. During the fight for creating of an independent state Movarennahr he got support from the influential and authoritative dynasty of Termez Sayyids. In autumn of 1370 in the field of battle near [...]

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Surkhandarya region in the XVI-XX cc


From the beginning of the XVI c Termez and other cities consistently submitted into united states of Sheybanids, Djanids and Manghits. A lot of new architectural constructions were built in this period, for instance Sayyid Otaliq medrassah in Denau, Murchbobo mosque in Termez and the bridge of Iskander in Kumkurghan. In the show-cases of the [...]

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