Surkhandarya in the Stone Age


(100-30 mln B.C.) Sub continental climate and environment of Surkhandarya Province was conducive to appearing man’s sites here from the ancient times. Caves and gorges in Baysuntau and Kugitantau mountains included to Southern Hissar mountain ranges served as dwellings for primitive people. The most ancient settlement of Neanderthal man on the territory of the region [...]

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Surkhan Oasis in the Bronze Age


(The beginning of the III-I mln B.C.) The Bronze Age which includes III-I mln B.C. is a period of radical changes in Central Asia. First of all, it is related with the invention of Bronze implements consisting tin, copper and lead solution. Owing to the invention of bronze, labor and hunting implements perfected, the invention [...]

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Culture of Ancient Bactria


(The beginning of the I mln B.C.-IV c B.C.) The first half of the I mil. B.C. is considered as a period of great changes in financial, political and cultural life of Bactrian land, that joined the territories Surkhan oasis, Southern Tajikistan and Northern Afghanistan. This process was directly related with the invention of making [...]

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Culture of Bactria during the Hellenistic and Alexander Macedonian’s epochs


A military campaign of Greek-Macedonian troops headed by Alexander Macedonian in order to capture the lands between the Oxus and Yaksart started in 329. Despite of strong resistance of sogdians, bactrians and saks this military battle ended with the invasion of greek-macedonians of a big territory between the Oxus and Yaksart in 327. From this [...]

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Culture of the Ancient Bactria during the Kushan period


(I c B.C. – III c A.D.) Kushan kingdom that reigned during the I –III cc A.D. is considered to be a state that has a significant place not only in the history of our country but also the history and development of economy and culture of Central Asian lands and nations as well. The [...]

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